Are you planning to pursue an academic career? Or simply want to test your strength in completing a dissertation? No matter what your reasons are – you won’t do without writing a research proposal.
This assignment is not a simple essay or report, so it takes lots of time and outstanding analytical skills. Don’t want to mess up? Then just continue reading!
What is a Research Paper Proposal?
The research paper proposal is short work before completing a dissertation. Its main goal is to show supervisors that you have come up with a viable topic in the area and are able to search and analyze impressive amounts of information.
The research proposal usually consists of a shorter version of three first parts of a dissertation – introduction, review of the literature, and methodology. It is used to show that you are able to define the problem, have chosen correct research methods and can answer the main questions.
There are two main types of research proposals – solicited and unsolicited ones. The first type is when the proposal is submitted as an answer to ‘Request of Proposals’ from various funding agencies. An unsolicited proposal is when you initiate writing on your own.
Professional Research Proposal Writers
A Ph.D. research proposal is one of the most difficult tasks any college or university student has to face. It takes weeks or even months to complete, and your future career may depend on whether the proposal will be interesting or not.
That is why it’s better to put all the other tasks aside and devote all your time to the process. But what you should do when you’re running out of time and don’t have a single idea that crosses your mind?
The answer is rather simple but yet effective: turn to our writing company. We are a team of skilled writers and editors with huge experience. We’ll complete your research proposal even if you don’t know what to write about! You’ll be 100% satisfied with the result.
Stages of a Research Paper Proposal
At first, you may feel stressed and worried not knowing where to start. But let us assure you: after reading the detailed guidelines below you’ll be able to master all stages of the process: from writing an introduction to performing with a research proposal presentation.
Just make yourself comfortable and be attentive when reading our detailed step-by-step guide!
The research proposal abstract is a summary of the problem you want to address. Here you should also include objectives and proposed solutions, as well as your requirements concerning funding. Start the text with a centered word ‘Abstract’. The length of your abstract should be no more than 250 words.
Remember, this section is rather important because it explains to readers what you are going to discuss and whether the subject is worth their attention.
An introductory section must contain the following parts: statement of the problem, research purpose, and significance of the research. Before providing these details, restate the title of your work. Write a short note on the discussed topic and define the theory which your research is based on.
Don’t forget that the introduction acts as a gate to the future work, so it must be catchy and interesting for the reader. Especially if you want to obtain funding for your future project.
Start with answering the question of why your research should be conducted and what new topics it is able to raise. There may be hundreds or even thousands of researches on your topic, so the supervisor or funding agency must see why your research is different from them.
Offer a new solution or explore the topic from a completely different corner. Make your matter stand out and it will attract the attention of the intended audience.
Purpose of Study
This part of the introductory section should be brief and consist of a few sentences. You should only identify the main goal of the study. Remain clear and straight to the point avoiding complex phrases and sentences. For example, if you’re examining the influence of plastic straws on the ocean, you can say that the purpose of your study is awareness of a broader audience on the harmful impact of plastic on the ecology.
Significance of Research
Here you need to explain why the area of your future research is important. Usually, in this part, it’s necessary to tell how your subject and results of the study may contribute to the field. Your research must not only be interesting but also useful. Thus, you’ll persuade that your work is worth funding.
The methodology is considered the heart of any research paper proposal and must contain information on the methodology you propose. In this section, you should address field experts. Depending on whether the research is quantitative or qualitative, you’ll have such subsections as Research Design, Instrumentations, and Data Collection. If you protect the rights of others, there should also be a section called Protection of Human Rights. Other subsections may include Rigor, Neutrality, and Applicability.
It’s fundamental to show that you have an understanding of alternative methods as well but make sure that the chosen methodology remains the most effective one. Be clear on what you are planning to achieve. You should also provide information on target populations or sample size if it’s possible.
The goal of a research design is to make sure that obtained evidence allows you to address the chosen problem in the most accurate way. If your research is for social sciences, the research design should include types of evidence that are needed to test theories, evaluate a process to describe a certain phenomenon.
When writing a research paper proposal, you will need to add this subsection to the Methodology paragraphs. The main aim of this part is to tell about all the instruments that will be used for collecting information throughout the study. The most popular tools for collecting data are an interview, questionnaire, and observation.
Data Collection and Analysis Procedures
There are different methods of collecting and processing data depending on whether the information is quantitative or qualitative. However, there are five main types of data collection any researcher should know about: online quizzes, questionnaires, one-on-one interviews, focus groups, and direct observation.
After writing about the methods you will use in your research, it’s necessary to tell how you are going to analyze obtained data.
Relevant Institutional Resources
Institutional resources contain work time of the researcher and his colleagues or other stuff, personal email and anything that the institution rents or owns. This includes equipment, cash, computers, internet, conference rooms and so on. However, this list should be relevant and concern only your research.
Any research proposal should contain the budget section. You need to tell the funding agency or the board of your university how much money and resources you will need to conduct the research. Actually, this part is one of the most important ones and will greatly influence the final decision. So every item of expenditures should be justified and backed with relevant evidence.
References and Bibliography
Finally, you need to provide a list of all the sources that were used when preparing the material. Such sources should be reliable, official and up-to-date. Contact your supervisor for additional details, because every institution has different requirements on the formatting style. Don’t forget about in-text citations and its proper including to the list of references or bibliography.
In case you doubt how this section should look like, download samples online or consult official websites.
Research Paper Proposal Formatting Rules
Any academic paper should follow a particular format. With its help, anyone can evaluate your research and understand where to find the necessary information. There are many formats at the moment but we will discuss the three most popular research proposal formats: APA, MLA, and Chicago.
They are widely used not only in the US but worldwide. Make sure you know what formatting style you are expected to use because a lack of formatting and citing may lead to rejection and all you work may go down the drain.
American Psychological Association (APA) style is one of the most commonly used formatting styles by thousands of scientific journals, textbooks, and papers for in-class usage. Most often APA research proposal style is applied to cite sources in social and behavioral sciences. These guidelines were created to help reading and understanding works on different sciences, for clear communication, and giving a pattern of a proper word choice in the mentioned sciences.
It was first known for simplicity but soon APA guidelines established language standards with an outstanding impact on the academic field. APA formatting style was first introduced in 1923.
The Modern Language Association is a well-known organization that stands behind the development of the MLA format. It was created as a tool for researchers, scholars, and students in the fields of languages and literature as a single way of writing and formatting assignments and papers. This uniform method helps to ease reading and understanding of the work. At the moment, the MLA formatting style is used not only in literature and languages but in multiple other fields.
In April 2016 the latest 8th edition was released. Apart from a set of formatting rules, it contains guidelines on submitting works based on MLA standards.
Chicago Style Format
The Chicago Manual of Style (or simply CMOS) is a style guide not for class papers but for published works. Unlike most of the formatting styles, CMOS offers writers two methods of referring sources: The Notes-Bibliography (NB) System and the Author-Date System.
The NB method includes in-text footnotes to guide readers to a short citation at the bottom of the page. The Author-Date method uses citations in parenthesis to reference the last name of the author and publication year.
When using Chicago style don’t forget to ask which method is a preferred one.
Proposal Writing Tips from Experts
In case you still worry whether you can write a perfect proposal, make sure you follow the tips of our experts:
- Choose the topic wisely. Even if you have strong writing and analytical skills, the funding agency won’t be interested in case the topic is too common or boring. Choose a niche inside your major that is new or look at the topic from a different angle. Make sure your subject is fresh and no one else has discussed it before (or you are ready to disprove someone’s opinion);
- Base your research on reliable sources. While you can write an essay or a review without sources, a research proposal must always include references. The sources should be modern and reputable. For example, publications, textbooks, articles in reliable journals, books, and so on;
- Write a research proposal outline. With its help, you will always know what to write about and you won’t have to worry about missing out any detail. The outline acts like a plan of your future work and is a great tool to organize the proposal in the most efficient way;
- Follow the structure. Once your outline is written, stick to it. Even if you feel that your thoughts are drifting away, get back to the plan. This will make the research clear and easy to read. There is nothing more confusing than reading a paper and not understanding what the author intended to say because paragraphs are mixed up and don’t have any logical connection;
- Start writing the research proposal in advance. It’s not a movie review and you won’t be able to write a proposal in a matter of hours. Some students start writing weeks before the submission date. We recommend taking at least a few months. This will allow you to create a solid and thoughtful work, and you will have enough time to make a perfect proposal;
- Add as many examples as possible. Your research essay proposal aims to justify the importance of potential research. That is why you should stick to facts and numbers, and not to theory. Provide tables, charts, and any other information that supports the necessity of your research and its importance;
- Always proofread. When the research paper proposal is written, you need to reread it carefully. Fix all the mistakes and typos using online tools or ask people you trust to check the manuscript. Your language should be professional and smooth. If you doubt, turn to your supervisor and ask to read it before submitting it further.
Successful Research Paper Proposal Ideas
Psychology Research Proposal Topics
- Methodology role in developmental research;
- Why it is so important to be aware of cognitive psychology;
- The role of parents in the socialization of a person;
- Possible consequences of a post-traumatic stress disorder that hasn’t been treated;
- High school bullying from a psychological perspective.
Sociology Research Proposal Topics
- Influence of society’s wealth on elections;
- Background of the population and racial discrimination;
- Pension age of a particular state and its impact on the labor market;
- Poverty in minorities;
- Racial conflicts.
Scientific Research Proposal Topics
- Is there a connection between stress and cancer?
- Healthy nutrition and diets;
- Hormones during pregnancy;
- Impact of humans on marine life.
Marketing Research Proposal Topics
- Brand management;
- Marketing of nonprofit organizations;
- Relationship marketing;
- Segmentation of the market;
- Internet marketing.
Criminal Justice Research Proposal Topics
- Crucial problems of US crime rates;
- Is it likely that abused children will commit crimes in adulthood?
- What punishment should be for violent crimes?
- Pros and cons of nurseries in prisons;
- The death penalty: pros and cons.
History Research Proposal Topics
- History of Buddhism and its impact on the world;
- Jewish people and their hardships during WWII;
- Role of the United States in WWII;
- Witch-hunt in the Middle Ages;
- Influence of the French Revolution on the history of the 19th century.
Economics Research Proposal Topics
- Economics in a college community;
- Influence of energy prices on the economy of different countries;
- Economic development in the East;
- Unemployment rates in France and its impact on the economy;
- Impact of War in Syria on the Russian economy.
Business Research Proposal Topics
- Leadership styles that are applied in different types of businesses;
- Influence of motivation on performance of employees;
- Most effective strategies of running an enterprise;
- Business planning;
- Importance of advertising for big corporations.
Nursing Research Proposal Topics
- Treatment of acute coronary syndrome;
- What causes anxiety disorders;
- Non-chemical treatment of bipolar disorder;
- Ways to treat migraine;
- Innovations in clinical cardiology.
If you decided to take the next academic step and to write a dissertation or to get funding for research that will change the world – you may need professional help from the best writers! We are native English speakers, Master’s and Ph.D. holders, and simply experts who have a passion for writing and helping others.
Contact Paperhelpwriting.com right now and get a comprehensive help: quick, anonymous, and cheap!