Writing a Global Warming Essay: a Guide for Students

December 22, 2019

Global warming is a terrifying threat, and the only way to fight is to unite the efforts of all countries of the world. One of the most important steps is to make everyone aware of this threat. That’s why global warming is a common topic for school essays.

It is an excellent opportunity to let all students look at this problem from different angles. It will encourage them to develop their opinions on the matter and defend them in front of the audience. Hence, it is another great possibility to persuade everyone that the problem is major and that they can fight it together only.

However, when you face your assignment to write a global warming essay, you may get bewildered at the beginning. No matter how much you know about this problem, it can be problematic to simply define what you want to tell about. It is much worse if you did not delve deeply into this sphere in the past. Then you will most likely get overwhelmed by the scope and complexity of the global warming problem.

To help you in this situation, we’ve prepared this article with recommendations and tips on how to write a global warming essay.

Choose the best topic for your essay

The choice of the essay topic is vital. That is why it might take some time to decide what you want to dedicate your paper to. Much will depend on the type of essay which your teacher assigns to you. If you need to write a descriptive essay, it will differ significantly from an argumentative essay.

Thus, consult the tutor and clarify all the details about the assignment. Or, you can accept this as a “wild card” option and choose the type yourself.

In any case, there is one main rule when you choose a global warming essay topic: write about what you know well. Or, you can choose to write about what you genuinely want to know well.

This approach will help you to pass the inevitable stage of any essay writing process, which is running researches on the topic. You need to do it to gather solid and up-to-date information on the subject. It is unacceptable to use obsolete or unoriginal data.

Therefore, select the subject which appeals to you. This way you will be able to search for the information and work with it enthusiastically.

Depending on the requirements and your preferences, you may explore different aspects, such as:

  • Human activities which cause global warming;
  • The place of the global warming problem in the world politics agenda;
  • Biological causes and consequences of global warming;
  • The problem of global warming in a historical context;
  • Scientific predictions about the global warming effects;
  • How they present global warming threats and aftermath in media, books, movies, etc.

Whatever aspect you choose, it will be a broad and complex field of study. Narrow it to the specific topic which you find the most interesting for you. Then run your research and gather the latest data from trustworthy sources.

Consider the plan of your essay

Even though an essay is a format offering a considerable degree of freedom, this kind of writing has requirements as well. The main is the essay’s structure which must include obligatory elements:

  • The Introduction;
  • The Body;
  • The Conclusion.

Let’s consider these parts.


This is the part that will open your essay.

  • Briefly present the theme of your work in a couple of sentences. It is useful to apply some “hooks” like interesting facts, or bright or controversial citations by famous people, etc. Describe in short what your essay is about.
  • Present the thesis statement. The thesis statement is the heart of the work which sets its tone at once. Moreover, it is the main argument for your audience to get familiar with your essay. You should mention its main points and present your opinion in the thesis statement.

The goal of the Introduction part is to draw your audience’s attention and summarize what they will learn from your essay. For this reason, the Introduction is, perhaps, the most important part of the work, as it is the first impression you leave on the audience.

If you choose to use statistics figures in the Introduction, avoid general phrases. Be specific. For example, if you choose to write an essay about the sea level rise, you will need stats data. Don’t only cite the numbers only, as they separately don’t describe how deep the problem is. Turn these numbers into illustrations. You can tell which coastal areas have been drawn down already, name the cities and countries.

Most of the students face difficulties while composing the Introduction part. It takes place often when they start to write an essay. The way out is simple – you’d better write the Introduction after you compose the Body part. There you will have the full text with the main statements and arguments. It will be easier to match your Introduction with them.


Here is the main part of your essay which can consist of one, two or more paragraphs. The size depends on the thesis statement you introduced. Traditionally one paragraph is for one statement.

In the Body part, you need to answer the questions you set in the Introduction part and support or disprove the thoughts.

The results of the researches you did are the building materials for the Body part. There you should pick facts and statements which work in favor of your statements.

There is also one point that often becomes a kind of pitfall for students. The thing is that many of them prefer to cite the information and other experts’ arguments without giving their thoughts. Unfortunately, this can prevent from getting good grades. Teachers want to hear your ideas and understanding of the problem. Hence, formulate your concepts in your language and appeal to someone else’s words or data in connection to your thoughts only.

For instance, one of the thesis statements you deal with is the effects of the glaciers’ melting caused by the rise of the average temperature. Concentrate on the following points to support your statement:

  • Reducing the surface area of the largest glaciers of the world with numbers. Compare the latest data with the figures from the past to display the process dynamics.
  • Describe the harmful effects of glaciers degradation and analyze the consequences. The first thing to mention is the lack of freshwater. There are more problems, such as rivers getting shallower. Droughts under such conditions happen more often and become more severe. As a result, problems with the food supply may arise in many areas.
  • Draw the prospect of the situation in 30 or 50 years forward if the current speed of the glaciers melting remains the same.
  • Use the exact figures from the latest scientific researches. Here citations will be convenient but don’t replace your thoughts with them. Offer your relevant interpretation of the scientists’ statements instead.
  • It would be helpful to apply visual means like graphs or diagrams to illustrate the changes and prospects.


This part serves to summarize your ideas. However, you should not mix it with the contents of the Introduction.

  • Refer to the thesis again and paraphrase them to compose a summary. Don’t propose new information in this part – your Conclusion must be grounded on the thesis and the arguments from the Body part.
  • Stress again the main points of your work. As we deal with the global warming essay, you can mention the main threats which you’ve presented. Underline again the growing harmful effects of this process. Point it out that all people of the Earth have to cooperate to fight global warming.

The most convenient way is to write the Conclusion part together with the introduction part, and after you’ve compiled the Body part. It is always better to have a full text with the statements and arguments in their favor. Then you can better see how to open the story and how to finish it with a strong ending.

<h2>Polish your essay before submitting to the teacher </h2>

Your work is not finished when you put a period after the last word in a text. You still have something to do to polish your essay.

  • Re-read your text and trace the inner logic of the story. The thesis statements’ ideas must be obvious through the text, and all parts must be connected logically.
  • Consider any changes in the text of the essay “on the go.” Some details or arguments can turn up unnecessary, or you can recall some important and relevant facts to include in your essay.
  • Correct the grammar and other errors.
  • Additionally, check your language – the essay is the form that does not “like” over-complicated phrases and terms. Revise the text and add amendments to make the contents clearer. It is better to get rid of excessive sentences, use more colloquial style, use synonyms, etc.

Great if you have a couple of days before the deadline to put the text aside for some time. When you get back to it later, you will see the missed flaws at once.

If it is impossible – give yourself at least a couple of hours of rest or ask relatives or friends to have a look at the essay. The thing is, you have “tired eyes” and can miss some misspelling or awkward constructions.

In such a way you can be sure to compose a great essay. A topic that is such broad and complex as global warming gives at the same time great opportunities to find the most interesting and appealing subject and explore it properly. And this means more opportunities to earn great grades for this essay.

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